In 2019, San Antonio saw the lowest unemployment rate in a decade at 3.1%, down from 7.0% in 2010. In 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the unemployment rate more than doubled to 7.5%, higher than its been in more than a decade.
Supplemental unemployment data from Workforce Solutions Alamo show that the majority of unemployment claims during 2020 were filed by women of color. This aligns with national unemployment data and highlights a disparity in job loss by race and gender.
A study in Harvard Business Review shows that while in the United States, women made up 46% of workers before COVID-19, unemployment data in 2020 indicates that women made up 54% of the overall job losses. Additionally, a study from UCLA Latino Policy & Politics Initiative showed that before the pandemic, the number of Latinas in the U.S. labor force was projected to grow by 25.8%, nearly 9 times the projected growth of White women in the labor force (3.1%) from 2019-2029. Then, in just one year—March 2020 to March 2021—the number of Latinas in the workforce dropped by 2.74%, the biggest drop in labor force size of any demographic group.